英 语试 题
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 20 分)
第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分)
听下面 5 段对话。 每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。 听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。 每段对话仅读一遍。
例: How much is the shirt?
A. 19.15. B. 9.18. C. 9.15.
1. What te is it now?
A. 910. B. 950. C. 1000.
2. What does the wo tk of the weather?
A. It's nice. B. It's warm. C. It's cold.
3. What will the do?
A. Attd a meetg. B. Give a lecture. C. Leave his office.
4. What is the wo's opion about the course?
A. Too hard. B. Worth tg. C. Very easy.
5. What does the wo t the to do?
A. Speak louder. B. Apologize to her. C. Turn off the radio.
第二节 (共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分)
听下面5 段对话或独白。 每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。 听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。 每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。
6. How long did Michael stay a?
A. Five days. B. One week. C. Two weeks.
7. Where did Michael go last year?
A. Russia. B. Norway. C. dia.
听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。
8. What food does Sally like?
A. . B. Fish. C. Eggs.
9. What are the speakers gog to do?
A. Cook ner. B. Go shoppg. C. Order dishes.
听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。
10. Where are the speakers?
A. a hospital. B. the office. C. At home.
11. is the report due?
A. Thursday. B. Friday. C. Next Monday.
12. What does George suggest Stepie do with the report?
A. prove it. B. d it later. C. Leave it with .
听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。
13. What is the probable relationship bet the speakers?
A. Salesperson d customer. B. Homeowner d er. C. Husd d wife.
14. What d of apartt do the speakers prefer?
A. One with two bedrooms. B. One without furniture. C. One near a market.
15. How much rt should one pay for the one bedroom apartt?
A. ＄350. B. ＄400. C. ＄415.
16. Where is the apartt the speakers would like to see?
A. On Lake Street. B. On Market Street. C. On South Street.
听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。
17. What pertage of the world's tea exports go to Brit?
A. ost 15%. B. About 30%. C. Over 40%.
18. Why do tea tasters taste tea with milk?
A. Most British people drk tea that way.
B. Tea tastes much better with milk. C. Tea with milk is healthy.
19. Who suggests a price for each tea?
A. Tea tasters. B. Tea exporters. C. Tea compies.
20. What is the speaker tg about?
A. The life of tea tasters. B. Afternoon tea Brit. C. The London Tea Trade tre.
第二部分: 英语知识运用 (共两节, 满分 35 分)
第一节: 单项填空 (共 15 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 15 分)
请阅读下面各题, 从题中所给的 A、 B、 C、 D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
例: It is erally considered unwise to give a child _ he or she ts.
A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. ever
21. The number of smokers, _____ is reported, has dropped by 17 pert just one year.
A. it B. which C. what D. as
22. Schools should be lively places where dividuals are couraged to _____ to their greatest
A. accelerate B. prove C. perform D. develop
23. , you work this Sunday?
-________? I've worg for two weeks on d.
A. Why me B. Why not C. What if D. So what
24. Much te _____ sittg at a desk, office workers are erally troubled by health pros.
A. g spt B. havg spt C. spt D. spg
25. _____ Li Bai, a great ese poet, was born is own to the public, but some won't accept it.
A. That B. Why C. Where D. How
26. It is so cold that you 't go outside _____ fully covered thick clothes.
A. if B. unless C. once D.
27. The university started some new guage progrs to _____ the country's Silk Road
A. apply to B. cater for C. appeal to D. hunt for
28. It might have saved me some trouble ______ the schedule.
A. did I ow B. have I own C. do I ow D. had I own
29. The whole t _____ Cristo Ronaldo, d he seldom lets t down.
A. wait on B. focus on C. count on D. call on
30. The real reason why prices ____ , d still are, too high is complex, d no short discussion
satisfactorily exp this pro.
A. Were B. will be C. have D. had
31. The police officers decided to conduct a thorough d _______ review of the case.
A. comprsive B. complicated C. Conscious D. crucial
32. Some schools will have to make ______ agrt with the national soccer reform.
A. juts B. adjustts C. cots D. achievts
33. -Why 't you vite Jo to your birthday party?
-Well, you ow he's _______ .
A. early bird B. a wet ket C. a lucky dog D. a tough nut
34. y of the tgs we now efit from would not be around _______ Thomas Edison.
A. tks to B. regardless of C. aside from D. but for
35. -Go d say sorry to your Mom, Dave.
-I'd like to, but I'm afraid she won't be happy with my ______ .
A. requests B. excuses C. apologies D. regrets
第二节: 完形填空 (共 20 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 20 分)
请阅读下面短文, 从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
I was required to read one of Bernie Siegel's books college d was hooked on his positivity from that mot on. The stories of his unconvtional 36 d the exceptional patts he wrote about were so 37 to me d had such a big 38 on how I saw life from t on.Who ew that so y years later I would look to Dr. Bernie d his CDs to 39 my own cer experce?
I'm bitious 40, d I started gog through o (化疗) , ev though I'm a very 41 person, I lost my drive to write. I was just too tired d not the 42 . One day,while waitg to go for 43 , I had one of Dr. Bernie's books my d. other patt 44 what I was rg d struck up a conversation with me 45 he had one of his books with as well. It 46 that ong other tgs, he was eighty-year-old writer. He was47 a published author, d he was currtly 48 on a new book.
We would see each other at various tes d 49 frds. Sometes he wore a duck hat, d I would tell myself, he was itely a(n) 50 of Dr. Bernie. He really put a 51 on my face.He unfortunately 52last year due to his cer, 53 he left a deep pression on me d gave me the 54 to pick up my p . I 55 to myself, "If he do it, t so I."
36. A. tastes B. ideas C. notes D. ories
37. A. azg B. shog C. usg D. strge
38. A. strike B. push C. ge D. pact
39. A. learn from B. go over C. get through D. refer to
40. A. reader B. writer C. editor D. doctor
41. A. positive B. agreeable C. humorous D. honest
42. A. mood B. position C. state D. way
43. A. advice B. referce C. protection D. treatt
44. A. viewed B. ew C. noticed D. wondered
45. A. while B. because C. although D. provg
46. A. e out B. worked out C. proved out D. turned out
47. A. naturally B. merely C. hopefully D. actually
48. A. g B. vestg C. worg D. relyg
49. A. e B. helped C. missed D. visited
50. A. patt B. operator C. D. publisher
51. A. s B. smile C. mark D. mask
52. A. showed up B. set off C. fell down D. passed away
53. A. sce B. but C. so D. for
54. A. guce B. trust C. opportunity D. spiration
55. A. promised B. swore C. thought D. replied
第三部分: 阅读理解 (共 15 小题; 每小题 2 分, 满分 30 分)
请阅读下列短文, 从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答
56. Accorg to the Code, visitors should act _______ .
A. with care d respect B. with relief d pleasure
C. with caution d ness D. with atttion d observation
57. What are you couraged to do travg New Zd?
A. Take your own pg facilities.
B. Bury glass far away from rivers.
C. Follow the track for the sake of pts.
D. Observe ss to approach nestg birds.
the United States alone, over 100 million cell-phones are thrown away each year. Cell-phones are part of a grog mount of electronic waste like computers d personal digital assistts. The electronic waste str is creasg three tes faster t traditional garbage as a whole.
Electronic devices cont valuable metals such as gold d silver. A Swiss study reported that while the weight of electronic goods represted by precious metals was relatively small comparison to total waste, the contration (含量) of gold d other precious metals was higher So-called e-waste t naturally occurrg erals.
Electronic wastes also cont y poisonous metals. Ev the es are recycled d the harmful metals roved, the recyg process oft is carried out poor countries, practically uncontrolled ways which allow y poisonous substces to escape to the viront.
Creatg products out of raw materials creates much more waste material, up to 100 tes more, t the material conted the ished products. Consider the cell-phone, d e the es that produced those metals, the factories needed to make the box d pg(包装) it e . y wastes produced the produg process are harmful as well.
The U.S. virontal Protection cy notes that most waste is gerous that "the production, distribution, d use of products - as well as t of the resultg waste - all result grhouse gas release." dividuals reduce their contribution by creatg less waste at the start - for stce, buyg reusable products d recyg.
y countries the concept of extded producer responsibility is g considered or has put place as tive (动机) for redug waste. If producers are required to take back pg they use to sell their products, would they reduce the pg the first place?
Governts' tive to require producers to take responsibility for the pg they produce is usually based on money. Why, they ask, should cities or towns be responsible for payg to deal with the bubble wrap (气泡垫) that cased your television?
From the governts' pot of view, a prary goal of laws requirg extded producer responsibility is to trsfer both the costs d the physical responsibility of waste t from the governt d tax-payers back to the producers.
58. By tiong the Swiss study, the author tds to tell us that _________ .
A. the weight of e-goods is rather small
B. E-waste deserves to be made good use of
C. natural erals cont more precious metals
D. the pertage of precious metals is heavy e-waste
59. The responsibility of e-waste treatt should be extded _________ .
A. from producers to governts B. from governts to producers
C. from dividuals to distributors D. from distributors to governts
60. What does the passage ly talk about?
A. The crease e-waste. B. The creation of e-waste.
C. The seriousness of e-waste. D. The t of e-waste.
Suppose you become a leader orization. It's very likely that you'll t to have volunteers to help with the orization's activities. To do so, it should help to understd why people undertake volunteer work d what keeps their terest the work.
Let's with the question of why people volunteer. Researchers have tified several factors that motivate people to get volved. For exple, people volunteer to express personal values related to unselfisess, to expd their rge of experces, d to strgt social relationships. If volunteer positions do not meet these needs, people may not wish to participate. To select volunteers, you may need to understd the motivations of the people you wish to attract.
People also volunteer because they are required to do so. To crease levels of counity service, some schools have launched compulsory volunteer progrs. Unfortunately, these progrs shift people's wish of participation from ternal factor (e.g., "I volunteer because it's portt to me") to external factor (e.g., "I volunteer because I'm required to do so"). that happs, people become less likely to volunteer the future. People must be ssitive to this possibility they make volunteer activities a must.
Once people to volunteer, what leads t to r their positions over te? To swer this question, researchers have conducted follow-up studies which they track volunteers over te. For stce, one study followed 238 volunteers Florida over a year. One of the most portt factors that fluced their satisfaction as volunteers was the ount of sufferg they experced their volunteer positions. Although this result may not surprise you, it leads to portt practical advice. The researchers note that atttion should be giv to "trg methods that would prepare volunteers for troublesome situations or provide t with strategies for copg with the pro they do experce".
other study of 302 volunteers at hospitals Chicago focused on dividual differces the degree to which people view "volunteer" as portt social role. It was assumed that those people for whom the role of volunteer was most part of their personal tity would also be most likely to contue volunteer work. Participts dicated the degree to which the social role mattered by respong to statts such as "Volunteerg Hospital is portt part of who I ."Consistt with the researchers' expectations, they found a positive correlation (正相关) bet the strgth of role tity d the gth of te people contued to volunteer. These results, once , lead to concrete advice: "Once dividual s volunteerg, contued efforts might focus on developg a volunteer role tity.... Its like T-shirts that allow volunteers to be recoized publicly for their contributions help strgt role tity".
61. People volunteer ly out of ______ .
A. ic requirts B. social expectations
C. cial rewards D. ternal needs
62. What we learn from the Florida study?
A. Follow-up studies should last for one year. B. Volunteers should get tally prepared.
C. Strategy trg is a must research. D. Volunteers are provided with concrete advice.
63. What is most likely to motivate volunteers to contue their work?
A. dividual differces role tity. B. Publicly tifiable volunteer T-shirts.
C. Role tity as a volunteer. D. Practical advice from researchers.
64. What is the best title of the passage?
A. How to Get People to Volunteer B. How to Study Volunteer Behaviors
C. How to Keep Volunteers' terest D. How to Orize Volunteer Activities
Freedom d Responsibility
Freedom's ge the Digital Age is a serious topic. We are g today a strge new world d we are all wonderg what we are gog to do with it.
Some 2,500 years ago Greece discovered freedom. Before that there was no freedom. There were great civilizations, spdid pires, but no freedom ywhere. Egypt d Babylon were both tyrnies, one very powerful rug over helpless masses.
Greece, Ats (雅典), a little city a little country, there were no helpless masses. d Ats gly obeyed the writt laws which they tselves passed, d the unwritt, which must be obeyed if free live together. They must show each other ess d pity d the y qualities without which life would be very pful unless one chose to live alone the desert.The Ats never thought that a was free if he could do what he ted. A was free if he was self-controlled. To make yourself obey what you approved was freedom. They were saved from loog at their lives as their own private affair. Each one felt responsible for the welfare of Ats, not because it was forced on from the outside, but because the city was his pride d his safety. The esstial belief of the first free governt the world was liberty for all who could control tselves d would take responsibility for the state.
But discoverg freedom is not like discoverg computers. It not be discovered once for all. If people do not prize it, d work for it, it will go. Constt watch is its price. Ats ged. It was a ge that took place without g noticed though it was of the extre portce, a spiritual ge which affected the whole state. It had the At爷s pride d joy to give to their city. That they could get material efits from her never tered their ds. There had to be a complete ge of attitude before they could look at the city as ployer who paid her
citizs for dog her work. Now stead of givg to the state, the state was to give to t.What the people ted was a governt which would provide a comfortable life for t; d with this as the prary object, ideas of freedom d self-rce d responsibility were neglected to the pot of disappearg. Ats was more d more looked on as a cooperative busess possessed of great wealth which all citizs had a right to share.
Ats reached the pot the freedom she really ted was freedom from responsibility.There could be only one result. If sisted on g free from the bur of self-depce d responsibility for the coon good, they would cease to be free. Responsibility is the price every must pay for freedom. It is to be had on no other terms. Ats, the Ats of t Greece, refused responsibility; she reached the d of freedom d was never to have it .
But, "the ext becomes the pert", Aristotle said. Ats lost freedom forever, but freedom was not lost forever for the world. A great er, es Madison, referred to: "The capacity (能力) of d for self-governt." No doubt he had not idea that he was spg Greek. Ats was not the farthest background of his d, but once has a great d good idea, it is never completely lost. The Digital Age not destroy it. Somehow this or that 's thought such idea lives though unconsidered by the world of action. One never be sure that it is not on the pot of brg out to action only sure that it will do so somete.
65. What does the undered word "tyrnies" Paragraph 2 refer to?
A. Countries where their people need help. B. Powerful states with higher civilization.
C. Spdid pires where people joy freedom. D. Governts ruled with absolute power.
66. People believg freedom are those who________ .
A. regard their life as their own busess B. seek s as their prary object
C. behave wit the laws d value systs D. treat others with ess d pity
67. What ge attitude took place Ats?
A. The Ats refused to take their responsibility.
B. The Ats no longer took pride the city.
C. The Ats efited spiritually from the governt.
D. The Ats looked on the governt as a busess.
68. What does the stce "There could be only one result." Paragraph 5 ?
A. Ats would contue to be free.
B. Ats would cease to have freedom.
C. Freedom would come from responsibility.
D. Freedom would stop Ats from self-depce.
69. Why does the author refer to Aristotle d Madison?
A. The author is hopeful about freedom.
B. The author is cautious about self-governt.
C. The author is skeptical of Greek civilization.
D. The author is proud of 's capacity.
70. What is the author's understg of freedom?
A. Freedom be more popular the digital age.
B. Freedom may come to d the digital age.
C. Freedom should have priority over responsibility.
D. Freedom needs to be guarteed by responsibility.
第四部分: 任务型阅读 (共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分)
注意: 请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。 每个空格只填一个单词。
People select news expectation of a reward. This reward may be either of two ds. One is
related to what Freud calls the Pleasure Prciple, the other to what he calls the Reality Prciple.
For t of better nes, we shall call these two classes mediate reward d delayed reward.
eral, the d of news which may be expected to give mediate reward are news of
cre d corruption, ts d disasters, sports, social evts, d hu terest. Delayed
reward may be expected from news of public affairs, economic matters, social pros, sce,
education, d health.
News of the first d pays its rewards at once. A reader joy direct experce
without y of the gers or stresses volved. He trble wildly at axurder, shake his
head sympathetically d safely at a hurre, tify self with the ng t, laugh
understgly at a warm little story of childr or dogs.
News of the second d, however, pays its rewards later. It sometes requires the reader to
tolerate unpleastness or noyce - as, for exple, he reads of the threatg for situation, the mountg national debt, risg taxes, g market, scarce housg, d cer. It has a d of "threat value." It is read so that the reader may be formed d prepared. a reader selects delayed reward news, he pulls self to the world of surroung reality to which he adapt self only by hard work. he selects news of the other d, he usually withdraws from the world of threatg reality toward the dr world.
For y dividual, of course, the boundaries of these two classes are not stable. For exple, a
sociologist may read news of cre as a social pro, rather t for its mediate reward. A
coach may read a sports story for its threat value: he may have to play that t next week. A
polit may read account of his latest successful public meetg, not for its delayed reward, but very much as his wife reads account of a party. y giv story of corruption or disaster, a thoughtful reader may receive not only the mediate reward of direct experce, but also the
delayed reward of formation d preparess. Therefore, while the division of categories holds eral, dividual's tcy may trsfer y story from one d of rg to other, or
divide the experce bet the two ds of reward.
What news stories do you read?
* People expect to get (71) ▲ from rg news.
* News stories are roughly divided to two classes.
* Some news will excite their readers sttly while others won't.
(72) ▲ of
the two classes
* News of mediate reward will sgly take their readers to the very frightg se without actual (73) ▲ .
* Readers will associate tselves closely with what happs the news stories d (74) ▲ silar gs with those volved.
* News of delayed reward will make readers suffer, or prest a(75) ▲ to t.
* News of delayed reward will duce the reader to (76) ▲ for the reality while news of mediate reward will lead the reader to (77) ▲ from the reality.
of the two classes
What readers expect from news stories are largely shaped by their
(78) ▲ .
Serious readers will both get excited over what happs some
news stories d (79) ▲ tselves to the reality.
Thus, the division, on the whole, (80) ▲ on the reader.
第五部分: 书面表达 (满分 25 分)
81.请阅读下面文字及图表,并按照要求用英语写一篇 150 词左右的文章.
1. 用约 30 个单词概述上述信息的主要内容;
3. 根据你的分析,从社会规范(rules d regulations)和个人行为两方面谈谈你得到的启示(不
1. 写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句;摇 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称;
第一部分(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,共 20 分)
1. A 2. C 3. A 4. B 5. C 6. B 7. A 8. B 9. C 10. B
11. A 12. B 13. C 14. A 15. B 16. C 17. B 18. A 19. A 20. C
第二部分(共 35 小题;每小题 1 分,共 35 分)
21. D 22. D 23. A 24. C 25. C 26. B 27. B 28. D 29. C 30. A
31. A 32. B 33. B 34. D 35. C 36. B 37. A 38. D 39. C 40. B
41. A 42. A 43. D 44. C 45. B 46. D 47. D 48. C 49. A 50. C
51. B 52. D 53. B 54. D 55. C
第三部分(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,共 30 分)
56. A 57. C 58. B 59. B 60. D 61. D 62. B 63. C 64. A 65. D
66. C 67. A 68. B 69. A 70. D
第四部分(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,共 10 分)
71. rewards/rewarded 72. Expations 73. volvt 74. share
75. threat 76. prepare 77. withdraw 78. profession(s)/ttion
79. adapt 80. depds
第五部分(满分 25 分)
One possible version:
The traffic issue is a hard nut to crack. It not only affects our everyday life, but may also
threat people爷s lives. The three selections prested above are typical exples.
Quite a few tgs give rise to the traffic pro. spite of the large-scale construction of
roads d highways, there is still much room for provt, because of the ever creasg
number of cars these years. What爷s worse, some drivers, cyclists d pedestrs do not tk it vital to obey traffic rules.
fact, traffic rules are part of the rules d regulations closely related to public order. Without
t, people could not joy harmony or the country would be chaos. But rules alone don't
secure orderly society. It is the people who obey the rules that matter. It is everybody's duty to
observe t to keep our society order d gog on the right track.